WHY HISTORIC PRESERVATION?
Citizens want to be proud of where they work and live. Successful historic
preservation efforts offer a sense of identity and interconnectedness
so necessary to fostering that pride.
Quality of life is important to every citizen, but it is vital to attracting
new corporate citizens.
Historic preservation has been shown to be a key ingredient in stabilizing
older communities and bringing together citizens.
Studies show that the primary desire of adults is a sense of stability.
Historic buildings can provide that sense and provide a tangible link
with the past that all can experience.
What is the Sangamon County Landmark Program?
The Sangamon County Landmark Program provides for the designation and
protection of the county’s significant historic resources. The
Sangamon County Board voted to establish this program. For owners of
designated properties, the application for a building/demolition permit
means that there is an additional step of review by the Historic Preservation
Commission before the Building Department grants a permit.
What are the benefits of listing on the County Register?
- The County provides a bronze plaque to the owner for placement
on or near the site as the owner prefers.
- The building is afforded protection through the zoning and
building permit processes from incompatible nearby development and
- Property owners benefit directly when they take advantage of
the state’s Property Tax Assessment Freeze or the Federal Income
tax Credit program, both of which are outlined in the Illinois Historic
Preservation Agency (IHPA) brochures.
The County Register of Historic Places Does NOT:
The County Register does not interfere with a private owner’s
property rights, nor does it:
- prevent private property owners from making changes or force owners
to make improvements to their property
- limit the use of listed buildings or require owners to erect
or purchase plaques
- require that properties be accessible to the public or open
to the public
Criteria for Evaluating a Place
Properties eligible for listing on the County Register of Historic Places
include buildings, districts, sites, structures, and objects that are
significant to local, state, and national history through the integrity
of their location, design, setting, materials, feeling, and association.
A building, district, or site must meet one of the following criteria:
- be associated with events that have made a significant contribution
to the broad patterns of history
- be associated with the lives of significant persons in our
- be distinctive for its type, period, or method of construction;
or represent the work of a master, or possess artistic value; or, in
the case of a district, be representative of a significant and distinguishable
entity whose components may lack individual distinction
- yield important information about the area’s history
What is the Process to Designate a Landmark?
The designation of a County landmark is a 3 step process:
||The nomination of an historic building, district, site, structure,
or object of local, state, or national significance to the Sangamon
County Register of Historic Places with the consent of the property
|Designation of the nominated property as a landmark by the Sangamon
County Board and listing on the Sangamon County Register of Historic
|Protection of the landmark through provisions in the Sangamon County
Historic Preservation Ordinance adopted by the Sangamon County Board
on May 13, 2003.
Who oversees the Sangamon County Register of Historic Places?
The County Register of Historic Places is overseen by the Sangamon County
Historic Preservation Commission. The Commission is made up of nine volunteer
citizens appointed by the Chairman of the County Board. They represent
a number of interests and disciplines and come from all parts of the
County. Staff support for the Commission is provided by the Springfield-Sangamon
County Regional Planning Commission.
How is a property nominated to the County Register of Historic Places?
Interested parties must complete
and sign a Landmarking Application.
Staff assistance is available if desired. The nomination is submitted
to the Preservation Commission which contacts owners for consent, reviews
it, and holds a public hearing. The Commission then makes its recommendation
to the County Board.
How is a property designated a landmark?
Only the County Board can designate a landmark in unincorporated Sangamon
County. It does so after receiving an application and a recommendation
from the Preservation Commission.
Are there fees associated with landmark status?
There are no fees required to nominate a property to the County Register,
no fees to designate a property a landmark, and a property listed on
the County Register is not charged a fee over time to remain on the register.
For more information about Sangamon County’s Historic Preservation
Commission and the Sangamon County Register of Historic Places, write
Springfield-Sangamon County Regional Planning Commission
200 South 9th Street – Room 212
Springfield, IL 62701
Phone: (217) 535-3110